Extensive list on countless sites highlight inventors, queens, kings, and master teachers as historical figures that the general public should be aware of. Unfortunately, many of the following heroes continue to be omitted from the majority of those lists.
John P. Parker
Part Harriet Tubman, part George Washington Carver, the remarkable John P. Parker was not only a brilliant inventor and successful businessman, but he was also a fearless freedom crusader who was highly successful liberating enslaved Africans. More on John P. Parker...
More commonly known as John Horse, Juan Caballo was a fearless freedom crusader who fought for the liberation of his people in 19th century Spanish Florida during the Black Seminole Revolt. Caballo was instrumental in negotiating a peace treaty, with the United States government, which granted the freedom crusaders safe passage to the west. More on Juan Caballo...
As an early physician in Ancient Kemet (circa 2700 BCE), Merit Ptah, who could very well be described as the Mother of Medicine, predates the famous Imhotep by half a century. More on Merit Ptah...
Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña
Victory in the 2008 U.S. presidential election gave Barack Obama the title of First Black President of the United States, but he wasn’t the first black president of the Americas...that title belongs to Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña. Saldaña was a general during the Mexican War before becoming the 2nd president of Mexico. More on Saldaña...
Manuel Raimundo Querino
Described by one historian as “the W.E.B. DuBois of Brazil”, Querino was the first person of African descent to write about Brazilian history. More on Querino...
Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins
Founder and editor of The Colored American Magazine (one of the most significant journals of the early 20th century), Hopkins is also credited with writing one of the first Black mystery novels and writing one of the earliest-known literary treatments of enslaved Africans escaping to freedom. More on Hopkins...
Elizabeth Jennings Graham
Over 100 years before Rosa Parks or Claudette Colvin, Elizabeth Jennings sued a New York railroad company and forced them to desegregate. More on Jennings-Graham...
Oscar Devereaux Micheaux
Micheaux was an early 20th-century filmmaker who produced over 40 films in a 30 year period. Micheaux’s “Within Our Gates” was a response to D.W. Griffith’s “Birth of a Nation”. More on Micheaux...
Hubert Henry Harrison
As a writer, educator, and human rights advocate, Hurbert Harrison influenced other great thinkers such as A. Phillip Randolph, John G. Jackson, and Marcus Garvey among others. More on Harrison...
Henry Edwin Baker
Every “Black History Month” a list of black inventors gets dusted off and the contributions of Blacks to the industrialization of America are proclaimed all across the country. Many of those inventors would be buried in the graveyard of forgotten history if it hadn’t been for Henry Edwin Baker, who was the first person to chronicle the patents of America’s Black inventors. More on Baker...
Charles Richard Patterson
Dedicated to his family and a successful entrepreneur, Charles Patterson manufactured an automobile in 1902 called the Patterson-Greenfield. More on Patterson...
Baker, Henry E. The Colored Inventor: A Record of Fifty Years. The Crisis Publishing Company, 1913.
Bird, J. B. Rebellion: John Horse and the Black Seminoles, First Black Rebels to Beat American Slavery, Johnhorse.com.
Black in Latin America: Brazil A Racial Paradise? S1 E3. Directed by Ricardo Pollack, Perf. Written by Henry L. Gates. PBS, 2011.
"The Black Seminoles and the Largest Slave Revolt in U.S. History." YouTube, All Eyes on Media, 22 Sept. 2013,
"Organization of Their Own." Boston Globe, 1 Aug. 1903, p. 4.
Pauline E. Hopkins "Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution"
Burns, E. B. "Manuel Querino's Interpretation of the African Contribution to Brazil." The Journal of Negro History, vol. 59, no. 1, 1974, pp. 78-86.
Google Patents, patents.google.com/.
Guerrero, Vicente R. Decree abolishing slavery in Mexico in 1829. Photograph of Original Document.
1829. Britton Hispanic Texana Collection. Newton Gresham Library Digital Collections,
Harrison, Hubert H. A Hubert Harrison Reader. Edited by Jeffrey B. Perry, Wesleyan UP, 2001.
Hopwood, Jon C. "Oscar Micheaux." IMDb, www.imdb.com/name/nm0584778/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm. Accessed 4 Aug. 2019.
"City Items." New York Tribune, 23 Feb. 1855, p. 7.
Elizabeth Jennings vs. Third Ave. Railroad Company
"Negro Family Made "First" Cars." Pittsburgh Courier, 18 Dec. 1965, p. 11.
Parker, John P. His Promised Land: The Autobiography of John P. Parker, Former Slave and Conductor on the Underground Railroad. Edited by Stuart S. Sprague, W.W. Norton, 1996.